PLAN: This course is an introduction to ethical theory. During the semester, we will study the theories of four philosophers: Plato, Aristotle, Kant and Mill. via: http://web.missouri.edu/~johnsonrn/phil51.html TEXTS: Plato. The […]
In the Sophist, Plato introduces a procedure of “Division” as a method for discovering definitions. To find a definition of X, first locate the largest kind of thing under which […]
1. The definition (horos, horismos) was an important matter for Plato and for the Early Academy. Concern with answering the question “What is so-and-so?” are at the center of the […]
Plato was therefore a metaphysical and epistemological dualist, an outlook that modern idealism has striven to avoid:[http://www.philosophos.com/knowledge_base/archives_12/philosophy_questions_12.html] Plato’s thought cannot therefore be counted as idealist in the modern sense.
Nevertheless Plato holds that matter is real, though TRANSITORY and IMPERFECT, and is perceived by our body and its senses and given existence by the eternal ideas that are perceived […]
Plato’s theory of forms or “ideas” describes ideal forms (for example the platonic solids in geometry or abstracts like Goodness and Justice), as universals existing independently of any particular instance.[http://faculty.mdc.edu/jmcnair/Joe6pages/Plato%27s%20Idealism.htm]
From Plato’s Phaedo, for example, we learn that the so-called “inquiry into nature” consisted in a search for “the causes of each thing; why each thing comes into existence, why […]