In the skeptical mood necessarily created by critical epistemological reflection (here I mean the initial reflection that occurs within the natural mode of thought and thus precedes any scientific critique […]
Although the word “metaphysics” goes back to Aristotelean philosophy, Aristotle himself credited earlier philosophers with dealing with metaphysical questions. The first known philosopher, according to Aristotle, is Thales of Miletus, […]
In Posterior Analytics I.2, Aristotle considers two challenges to the possibility of science. 1. One party (dubbed the “agnostics” by Jonathan Barnes) began with the following two premises: – Whatever […]
The subject of the Posterior Analytics is epistêmê. This is one of several Greek words that can reasonably be translated “knowledge”, but Aristotle is concerned only with knowledge of a […]
A demonstration (apodeixis) is “a deduction that produces knowledge”. Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics contains his account of demonstrations and their role in knowledge. From a modern perspective, we might think that […]
Epistemological idealism is a subjectivist position in epistemology that holds that what one knows about an object exists only in one’s mind.
whether we know external objects