reduction (Husserl)

The phenomenological-psychological reduction is for him a method of
limiting the concretely mental [das real Seelische] and above all the intentional
process, to its eidetic essence by putting out of play or leaving out of
account the transcendent positings at work in this life-process.

But as soon as he
radically inhibits his apperception, a Copernican revolution take place which
attacks the whole of his life, including all of his work as a psychologist. He
becomes a transcendental phenomenologist who now no longer has “the”
world (or even a possible world that he presupposes as existent); he no longer
is investigating objects at hand, realities that belong to the world. For him the
world and every possible world is mere phenomenon. Instead of having the
world as pregiven existence, as he as normal human being previously did, he is
now merely a transcendental spectator who observes and, in experience and
analysis of experience, uncovers this having of world, [i.e.,] the way that a
world and this world “appears” in consciousness in accordance with meaning
and is accepted as real.

Edmund Husserl, Phenomenological Psychology, 246

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