glossary of aristotelian terminology

  • Accept: tithenai (in a dialectical argument)
  • Accepted: endoxos (also ‘reputable’ ‘common belief’)
  • Accident: sumbebêkos (see incidental)
  • Accidental: kata sumbebêkos
  • Affirmation: kataphasis
  • Affirmative: kataphatikos
  • Assertion: apophansis (sentence with a truth value, declarative sentence)
  • Assumption: hupothesis
  • Belong: huparchein
  • Category: katêgoria (see the discussion in Section 7.3).
  • Contradict: antiphanai
  • Contradiction: antiphasis (in the sense “contradictory pair of propositions” and also in the sense “denial of a proposition”)
  • Contrary: enantion
  • Deduction: sullogismos
  • Definition: horos, horismos
  • Demonstration: apodeixis
  • Denial (of a proposition): apophasis
  • Dialectic: dialektikê (the art of dialectic)
  • Differentia: diaphora; specific difference, eidopoios diaphora
  • Direct: deiktikos (of proofs; opposed to “through the impossible”)
  • Essence: to ti esti, to ti ên einai
  • Essential: en tôi ti esti (of predications)
  • Extreme: akron (of the major and minor terms of a deduction)
  • Figure: schêma
  • Form: eidos (see also Species)
  • Genus: genos
  • Immediate: amesos (“without a middle”)
  • Impossible: adunaton; “through the impossible” (dia tou adunatou), of some proofs.
  • Incidental: see Accidental
  • Induction: epagôgê
  • Middle, middle term (of a deduction): meson
  • Negation (of a term): apophasis
  • Objection: enstasis
  • Particular: en merei, epi meros (of a proposition); kath’hekaston (of individuals)
  • Peculiar, Peculiar Property: idios, idion
  • Possible: dunaton, endechomenon; endechesthai (verb: “be possible”)
  • Predicate: katêgorein (verb); katêegoroumenon (“what is predicated”)
  • Predication: katêgoria (act or instance of predicating, type of predication)
  • Primary: prôton
  • Principle: archê (starting point of a demonstration)
  • Quality: poion
  • Reduce, Reduction: anagein, anagôgê
  • Refute: elenchein; refutation, elenchos
  • Science: epistêmê
  • Species: eidos
  • Specific: eidopoios (of a differentia that “makes a species”, eidopoios diaphora)
  • Subject: hupokeimenon
  • Substance: ousia
  • Term: horos
  • Universal: katholou (both of propositions and of individuals)



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