neural basis of learning and memory

Pavlov proposed a physiological account of conditioning that involved connections between brain centers for the conditioned and the unconditioned stimuli.

Though Pavlov’s physiology has been abandoned, classical conditioning is extensively used in modern studies of the neural structures and functions that underlie learning and memory.

Forms of classical conditioning that are used for this purpose include, among others, fear conditioning, eyeblink conditioning, and the foot contraction conditioning of Hermissenda crassicornis, a sea-slug.

via: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Classical_conditioning

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