Within the philosophy of the twentieth century, this foundational idea of European humanity, as well as the need for its redefinition, was especially emphasized by Edmund Husserl, the founder of phenomenological philosophy. Among his followers, we should also mention Hans-Georg Gadamer, and more recently Klaus Held and Bernhard Waldenfels. Since Husserl’s reflection on the worldliness of the world is being acknowledged by diverse critics, such as Habermas, Luhmann, Levinas or Derrida, it can serve as an example of a special hermeneutic problem of contemporary philosophy in general. It is related to the question of whether and how philosophy should mediate a unified understanding of the world without disregarding the differences which determine it and the exteriority it verges on.


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